Glaucoma is one of the most common reasons for vision loss in the world. It is difficult to diagnose because in most patients there are no symptoms until the disease is very advanced and permanent vision loss has occurred. This is one of the reasons regular routine eye exams are important for older patients.
There are two main types of glaucoma. So-called ‘angle-closure’ glaucoma may occur at any age and is accompanied by sudden pain, red eye, and blurry vision. The most common type of glaucoma is called ‘progressive open angle’ glaucoma. Patients with this type of glaucoma are typically older. Other risk factors include high intra-ocular pressure, a history of glaucoma in the family, thin cornea tissue, and a characteristic appearance of the optic nerve when examined. Side or ‘peripheral’ vision is first damaged, and advanced disease may cause blindness.
Treatment of glaucoma depends on the type and severity of disease. Generally speaking, the goal of glaucoma treatment is to lower the intra-ocular pressure. In many patients this is accomplished by topical medicated drops. There are many types of glaucoma drops; which drop is best is dependent on a patient’s other medical conditions and many other factors.
Nashua Eye Associates offers the complete range of glaucoma treatments. Some patients may benefit from a glaucoma laser treatment called Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty. This is a non-invasive treatment in which energy is focused on the region of the eye where fluid drains out, facilitating fluid out-flow and lowering eye pressure. Other patients with more advanced disease may benefit from a surgical treatment. Nashua Eye offers the services of Dr. Sonalee Desai-Bartoli, who is sub-specialty trained in the medical and surgical treatment of glaucoma in patients with advanced disease.